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Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15Palestinians marking the 64 anniversary of al-Nakba (catastrophe) with protests, while Israeli security reacted with conducted arrests campaigns on May 15

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Today: Nov 22, 2017

Israel revoked the residency rights of 14,561 Palestinians of Jerusalem until 2011

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Since the occupation of Jerusalem, Israeli authorities have revoked the residency right of 14,561 Palestinians until the end of 2011. Last year, Israeli ministry of interior stripped 95 Palestinians of their ID cards, according to the data that the Jerusalem Center for Social and Economic rights obtained from office of Israeli interior ministry in East Jerusalem.

The Israeli office informed JCSER that in 2010, it rescinded the revocation of 23 Palestinian IDs. However, from among the 3090 applications to register children in their parents ID cards, it rejected 136, approved 1639 while 1315 are still under review.

Regarding the Palestinians who applied for the Israeli citizenship in 2011 until December 18, their number reached 1208 of which 9 approved and 51denied.

After 1967, Palestinians living in Jerusalem were issued the Permanent Residency status. Under article 11 (a) of the 1952 Israeli Law of Citizenship, the permanent residency is forfeited when its holder lives in a foreign country for seven years, which includes Palestinians living outside the municipal borders of Jerusalem as delineated by the Israeli authorities.

In 1995, Israeli interior ministry introduced the "centre of life" policy by which Palestinian holders of Jerusalem IDs are required to prove continuous residency in Jerusalem by submitting documents to demonstrate that they actually resided in the city for the previous seven years.

On 31 July 2003, Israeli Knesset adopted the Temporary Order of the law on family reunification Nationality and Entry into Israeli Law, which stops Palestinians who do not have Israeli residency or citizenship from uniting with their spouses who have East Jerusalemite or Israeli citizenship status.

The modification of the law in 2005 entitled wives over the age of 25 and husbands over the age of 35 to family unification, denying however a great number of Palestinians this right.

Israeli policy breaches International law

Under international law East Jerusalem is part of the occupied territories and its Palestinian population are considered protected persons. The Fourth Geneva Convention, to which Israel is party, permits the occupying power to restrict the freedom of movement and housing of residents of the occupied territory only to protect them or for military necessity. The parties to this convention also undertake to assist as far as possible to reunify families separated by war (Article 26) and to respect family rights in all circumstances (Article 27), including, of course, the right to live together. Under Article 47, annexation of occupied territory does not deny its residents any of the benefits provided by the convention.

Moreover the right of persons to leave and return to their country is secured in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 13.2) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Israel has signed (Articles 12.2 and 12.4). This covenant also stipulates that all persons lawfully within the territory of a State shall have the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose their place of residence within that territory (Article 21.1). Israel, which views residents of East Jerusalem as foreigners, is obligated to also act in accordance with the provisions of Article 13, which stipulates that aliens may only be expelled in pursuance of a decision reached in accordance with law.

The following table illustrates the number of revoked Palestinian IDs since the beginning of occupation:

Year

#

Year

#

1967

105

1968

395

1969

178

1970

327

1971

126

1972

93

1973

77

1974

45

1975

54

1976

42

1977

35

1978

36

1979

91

1980

158

1981

51

1982

74

1983

616

1984

161

1985

99

1986

84

1987

35

1988

2

1989

32

1990

36

1991

20

1992

41

1993

32

1994

45

1995

91

1996

739

1997

1,067

1998

788

1999

414

2000

307

2001

150

2002

120

2003

273

2004

32

2005

220

2006

1,362

2007

229

2008

4,672

2009

721

2010

191

2011

95

Total

14,561

JCSER strongly believes that Israel maintains its policy of displacement and ethnic cleansing against the Palestinian population of Jerusalem to meet the recommendations of the so-called "Gavni Commission" of the Israeli ministerial committee, which laid down in 1973 the policy that the city's demographic balance must be maintained to a ratio of 70% Jews to 30% Palestinians.

"Since 1967, Israel's leaders adopted two basic principles in their rule over East Jerusalem. The first was to rapidly increase the Jewish population in East Jerusalem. The second was to hinder growth of the Arab population and to force Arab residents to make their homes elsewhere." Amir Cheshin, Advisor on Arab affairs to the former Israeli mayor of Jerusalem Teddy Kollek, wrote in his co-authored book: Separate & Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem.

This is not to mention that the current general Israeli policies in occupied East Jerusalem contradict with the letter that the former Israeli foreign minister Abba Eban wrote on June 5, 1967 to the UN pledging that, "We will protect the rights of all the peoples living in the city, Christian and Muslims."

By disseminating these statistics, JCSER believes that it is time for action by members of the international community to honor their commitments under the GCIV to "undertake the respect and to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances. (Article 1).

"The opportunity to achieve the worldwide supported two-state solution is elapsing due to the current Israeli policies of land confiscation, ethnic cleansing, settlement activities and house demolitions," said the human rights activist Ziad al-Hammouri. He warned that maintaining such policies will bear the fruits of possible future violence.